Qtum is based on the PoS (Proof-of-Stake) algorithm and on the Decentralized Governance Protocol (DGP), which allows the changing of blockchain settings using smart contracts.Create QTUM Wallet
What is qtum?
What is QTUM? Qtum (pronounced “quantum”) is an open-source blockchain platform that combines the security of the UTXO model and many virtual machines, including EVM and x86 VM. Qtum is based on the PoS (Proof-of-Stake) algorithm and on the Decentralized Governance Protocol (DGP), which allows the changing of blockchain settings using smart contracts. For example, the size of blocks in Qtum can be increased without the need for a hardfork.
Qtum provides high network security, reliability, and convenient tools for dApp creation. Qtum-created dApps are used in several different business spheres, such as finance, the Internet of Things, and supply chains.
Qtum merges the best characteristics of Bitcoin and Ethereum. Initially created as an ERC20 token, the Quantum team built a network of its own after 3.5 months. The first public test network (Sparknet) was launched and the main network called Ignition was launched after another 2.5 months.
Qtum is a Chinese project which launched in March 2017 when developers conducted an ICO. More than 5000 BTC was raised in the first 10 minutes of the public crowdsale, with the project managing to raise 11156.766 BTC and 77081.031 ETH (about $15.7 million). All tokens were sold during the first 5 days and a total of 100 million QTUMs were issued.
How does QTUM work?
The Qtum cryptocurrency uses a hybrid blockchain built on a combination of elements from both Bitcoin and Ethereum. The UTXO method (unspent outputs) used for transaction verification was borrowed from BTC and is the most reliable of all existing technologies to avoid double-spending. The operation scheme is very simple: for example, a user wants to send 1 BTC, from his wallet with 5 BTC. Thanks to UTXO, 1 BTC can be transferred to the recipient’s wallet with 4 BTC transferred back to the user's wallet. There are always two inputs when sending coins to a wallet on the network. The UTXO model is not only safe but also more scalable, allowing multiple transactions to be checked simultaneously, regardless of their sequence.
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Qtum Account Abstraction Level
The choice of UTXO required the developers to solve a very difficult task: integration with the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM). The team used a special technology called "Account Abstraction Layer" - an innovation created specifically for Qtum. Despite the difficult technical implementation, the principle of its operation is very simple: a special algorithm converts UTXO into account balances, making them compatible with Ethereum. Qtum's "Account Abstraction Layer" decouples applications from the underlying protocol, retaining blockchain performance and lending the potential to add more smart contract functionality in the future.
QTUM Master contacts
Independent developers can run Master contracts on the Qtum blockchain, offering more advanced features than ordinary Ethereum smart contracts. Python, Rust, Go, C++ and Lua programming languages can be used to write them and they can react instantly to external circumstances in the network. This is the key difference from Ethereum smart contracts. The work principles of master contracts are explained in the project White Paper as follows: Imagine a situation where a cargo needs to be sent from point A to point B. Only two states: “complete” and “fail” can be recorded in an ordinary smart contract. The Master contract allows connecting another user registered on the Qtum network with, for example, a freight company. The system will track all cargo movements, as well as all intermediate actions of the cargo company. The data is recorded in the blockchain, and the user can track all actions online.
Qtum also uses the DGP (Delegated Governance Protocol): Network participants can vote for changes to the platform and propose their own projects. The consent of the majority is required to implement updates, providing a high level of decentralization.
QTUM PoS ver.3.0
Another feature of master contracts is that they are compatible with the Internet of Things (IoT) and mobile devices. Smart contracts are not suitable, because they use the PoW consensus algorithm, which requires a lot of computing power from the devices. Master contracts are implemented on a special subset of the PoS algorithm, called Proof-of-Stake version 3.0.
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Qtum is a “hybrid” blockchain that uses Proof-of-Stake version 3.0 as a consensus algorithm on the network. Unlike Bitcoin and Ethereum, this algorithm makes QTUM mining more accessible, since users do not need to have expensive ASICs to participate. The Qtum mining algorithm differs from the other cryptocurrencies using PoS because it uses the "random effect" function and it plays a decisive role in the mining process. Each QTUM coin in the user's wallet is a lottery ticket, which gives a chance to create a new block. The number of QTUM coins on the balance is irrelevant. Block generation time is 2 minutes, and the reward is 4 QTUM. Neither the speed of creating blocks nor the amount of remuneration will be changed in the future. Anyone can participate in mining.
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